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Fact Sheet Tanzania







945,087 sq km. (886,037 land; 59,050 water; including the islands of Zanzibar-Unguja, Pemba, Mafia and Ukerewe - in Lake Victoria)

Current Weather
(Dar es Salaam)

Maximum temperature: 33 °C
Minimum  temperature: 19 °C


55 million [2018]

Languages (with %age of speakers, if available)

Kiswahili in Roman script is the national language, and lingua franca; English is widely understood in major urban areas and places of tourist interest.

Religions (with %age, if available)

Christians and Muslims about 40% each; tribals, animists and pagans, small number of Hindus

Exchange rate with US$ &INR

Tanzanian Shilling (TSh)
Exchange rate: US$1=TSh 2290(May 2019)
Re.1 = TSh 33.1187 (ORE: May2019)

Political Structure

A unitary republic based on multiparty (since 1995) parliamentary democracy; President, elected directly for maximum two 5-year terms, is the executive Head of State. National Assembly (Bunge) has up to 325 members, 75 special women's seats apportioned among the political parties based on their election results and 10 Presidential nominees; Main party, Chama Cha Mapinduzi [CCM], in power since independence; Chama Cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo [CHADEMA]; Civic United Front (CUF) are main opposition parties among 15 others; Zanzibar has its own Constitution, President, House of Representatives and Flag.

Head of State (President)

H.E. Dr. John Pombe Joseph Magufuli

Head of Government (Prime Minister)

H.E. Mr. Kassim Majaliwa

Minister for Foreign Affairs

Prof. Palamagamba John A. M. Kabudi




HDI ranking -151/188 [UNDP Human Development Report 2016]; business environment 137/190 [World Bank Report]; mainly agrarian – 23% of GDP; limited industry, after long years of socialism adversely affecting the economy, liberalization introduced after mid-80s under IMF guidance; now one of the best performers in Africa 7% annual average for last 7 years; ICT, mining, construction, roads, financial services, and tourism in particular growing fast. Relatively slow rate of growth of labour intensive agriculture, which employs three quarters of workforce, explain the slow decline of poverty in rural areas. Natural Resources: Good hydel potential, gold, diamonds, precious and semi precious stones, coal, nickel, cobalt and other minerals, and large deposits of natural gas; 20% of Africa’s total fresh water resources. Agriculture: Cloves, cashew nuts, cassava, coffee, cotton, corn, tea, sisal, pyrethrum, bananas, mangoes, vegetables, cattle, poultry, etc. Industry: Sugar, cigarettes, sisal twine, cement, textiles, wood products, pharmaceuticals, soap, flour, edible oils, steel, beverages, packaging, foam mattresses, leather incl. shoes.


US$ 51Bn(2018)

GDP per capita at current prices

US$ 1041 (2017 est.)

GDP Growth Rate

6.5 - 7% (2018)

Total Trade 

US$ 12,202.58 Million (2018)
US$ 8516.18Million
US$ 3686.40Million

Bilateral Trade 
Imports from India
Exports to India

US$ 1957.10Million (2018)
US$ 1218.07Million
US$ 739.03Million



Indian Origin/ PRs

Total: 50,000 to 60,000

Indian Expatriates

Total: 10,000   Mostly professionals engaged in senior management positions in Indian invested and local companies. Also technical personnel on shop floor jobs.

Indian Organizations


Bank of Baroda
Bank of India
Canara Bank



National Minerals Development Corporation



TATA Africa Holdings (Tanzania) Ltd.
Airtel Tanzania
Kamal Steel
Tanzindia Assurance Company Limited
Motorrama – Ashok Leyland
Larsen &Toubro
KEC International Ltd.


May 2019